Linoleum is a traditional flooring material made from solidified linseed oil (linoxyn), pine rosin, ground cork dust, wood flour, and mineral fillers such as calcium carbonate, most commonly on a burlap or canvas backing. The finest linoleum floors, known as “inlaid”, are extremely durable, and were made by joining and inlaying solid pieces of linoleum.

Differently from vinyl flooring, which is a synthetic product made using primarily polyvinyl chloride (PVC) resin, linoleum is made from all natural and biodegradable ingredients. Similarly to vinyl linoleum is an inexpensive material that is well suited for potentially wet floors such as in a kitchen or bathroom. Both linoleum and vinyl are resilient flooring materials.